Ano nga ba ang mga dahilan kung bakit ang isang Ama o Ina o ang isang Namamahala ng bansa ay magdedeklara ng Martial Law? Below I quote some info about the history of Martial Law proclamations in the Philippines.
Alam niyo ba na ang kauna-unahang proclamation of Martial Law sa Pilipinas ay naganap sa taong 1896? It was the Spanish Governor-General Ramón Blanco, 1st Marquis of Peña Plata, to declare a "state of war" in these provinces and place them under martial law. These provinces were Manila, Bulacan, Cavite, Pampanga, Tarlac, Laguna, Batangas, and Nueva Ecija.
On May 23, 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo issued a proclamation in which he assumed command of all Philippine military forces and established a dictatorial government with himself as the supreme commander.
While President José P. Laurel of the wartime Second Philippine Republic placed the Philippines under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29, dated September 21. Martial law came into effect on September 22, 1944. Proclamation No. 30 was issued the next day, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the US and Great Britain. This took effect on September 23, 1944.
The former President Edralin Marcos issued Proclamation No. 1081, declaring and imposing martial law in the entire country. By declaring martial law, Marcos suspended the writ of habeas corpus and also the 1935 Constitution, dissolved Congress and padlocked the doors to the Batasang Pambansa, and assuming both legislative and executive powers. Proclamation No. 1081 was dated 21 September 1972 but it was actually signed on 17 September.
On December 4, 2009, through Proclamation No. 1959, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo officially placed Maguindanao province under a state of martial law, thereby suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus. Executive Secretary Eduardo Ermita said the step was taken in order to avert the escalation of "lawless" violence in the province and pave the way for the swift arrest of the suspects in the massacre. The state of martial law in Maguindanao was lifted on December 13, 2009.
Amid the escalation of conflicts in Mindanao and recent clashes in Marawi City related to the Maute group, President Rodrigo Duterte placed the island group of Mindanao under Martial Law on May 23, 2017. This status was announced during a briefing held in Moscow while President Duterte was on a presidential overseas trip, and will be in effect for 60 days.
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